Veterinary Medical Association of Bexar County
Veterinarians in San Antonio and Bexar County

Home -- Emergencies

HYPERTHERMIA - Overheating in animals can be life threatening.  This is much more common in dogs than in cats.  The goal is to return the body temperature to normal.
 The easiest way to cool down dogs is to use the garden hose.  Be sure to allow the water to run until cool before applying to the dog.  The dog can be immersed in the bathtub.  It is best not to use ice water as this may cool them too rapidly and cause  shock.  Since internal organs may be damaged by overheating you should take your pet to your veterinarian as quickly as possible.

VOMITING AND DIARRHEA - Most over-the-counter medications for humans do not work well for pets and dosing is difficult.  It is best to withhold food and give small amounts of water at a time.  Call your veterinarian if there is more than one episode of vomiting or diarrhea and if it persists for more than a few hours.

HIT BY A CAR - Any animal that has been hit by a car needs to be seen by a veterinarian as many internal injuries are not obvious without a thorough medical examination and observation.
 Always be careful with animals that are injured as they may bite or scratch when handled.  Covering the pet with a blanket or towel can help protect you from injury. 

EYE INJURY -  Signs include different pupil size, squinting, tearing, redness and swelling.  If you know it was caused by chemical or fine dirt, flush with sterile saline or clean water for 5 to 10 minutes.

BITES FROM INSECTS OR SNAKES -  Signs of an allergic reaction include difficulty breathing, hives, swellen face, puffiness around eyes, vomiting, diarrhea and scratching.  Try to see what the insect or snake looks like.  If the pet is havind swelling or difficulty breathing go to the veterinary hospital immeadiately.  

 SOME COMMON POISONS TO PETS - alcohol, apple seeds, apricots, avocados, cherry seeds, garlic, grapes, macadmia nuts,onions, raisins,rhubarb,spinach,tomatoes, red or green, stems or leaves chocolate, coffee, peach pits, xylitol.
In the yard - aloe vera, azalea, crocus bulbs,elephant ears, geranium, holly, lilies, mistletoe berries,mushrooms, oak eaves nd acorns, poinsettia, sago palm and tulip bulbs. 

Updated Saturday, 03rd March, 2018

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